Afghanistan's largest artificial canal project (Qosh tapa)

Afghanistan's largest artificial canal project (Qosh tapa)

This project is one of the largest artificial projects in Afghanistan and central Asia that will help Afghanistan to become a big exporter of wheat in the reign

At the beginning part of the Qosh tapa canal a very large dame is built that is designed to control high water level and prevent the destruction of the land and canal. Above the first phase of the canal two big bridges is being built, the work of these bridges is in the final stages. One of these bridges is a railway line between Mazar sharif and Hairatan which links these two cities, the work of this railway line between Mazar sharif and Hairatan cities is in its final stages, the height of this bridge is 8.85 meters 100 meters and has 16 bases.

And the second bridge is called the public bridge this bridge is 90 percent completed the foundation of this bridge has been excavated to reach the concreate point. The first phase of the canal is 90 percent completed and the second phase has not started yet and the road is 20 meters width in both sides of this canal, the cost of this project reaches one billion dollars.

This canal is 285 km long, 152 meters width and 8.5 meters deep the main purpose of building this canal is to supply water for forms and agriculture in the norther region of Afghanistan. The Qosh tapa canal actually solves Afghanistan's water problem and makes for the country to become wheat exporter by 2028. The project is divided into three phases, the first two phases includes canal digging and the third phase is dedicated to installation of the water irrigation systems and other infrastructures, the interesting part of this project is that all the effortless and financial expenses for the construction of the canal is done by Afghans whoever this project was cared out with the help of thousands of workers and private contractors these workers have built the canal using simple machines and limited equipment.

The construction of Qosh tapa canal is very step by step, first huge gates were built to prevent flooding in winter and rainy periods, in the different part of the first phase the canal is gradually being clean and repaired. The soil around the canal used as natural water sources from under water sources instead of building concrete slabs to reduce the costs also underground irrigation pipelines were built so the formers could have access to the water. Along the canal trees were planted to prevent soil erosion and strengthen the soil, this project not only provides water for agriculture but also strengthens the economy of the local eras and increases employment.

This project in addition to providing water to agriculture has important economic and social effects on local areas in Afghanistan, with the construction of Qosh tapa canal more than five hundred fifty thousand hectors of land will be converted into agriculture. This project helps Afghanistan to become one of the main exporters of wheat in the reign


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